bowhog, The first plant you have pictured on pg. 1 is devils claw. the last plant you have pictured on that page looks like spearment (cant be 100% from pic, but next time you run across it pick it and smell it for positive and unmistakable ID.) On the second page of this post the 1st pic looks like wild ginger but again not 100% dig the root and smell. It will have a very pungent ginger aroma. The interesting part of this pic to me is the one leaf at the very left center edge that has white and green pigment. The only plant I have seen in southeastern Ohio with that pigmentation is called rattlesnake plant. It isn't called that because it attracts snakes, but because of the seedpod that forms straight up from a central stem resembles the tail end of a rattlesnake.