Different Ginseng Types Depends on How Its Grown

There are 4 types of ginseng in terms of how they were grown on the market. They are wild ginseng, wild-simulated ginseng, woods-grown ginseng and field cultivated ginseng.

Wild Ginseng
Wild ginseng is sown in natural fashion in suitable ginseng-growing woodlands with natural tree shading and with no disturbance of leaf litter, except to insert the seed. This method does not use pesticides and the product is organic ginseng, but the crop can be harvested selectively over an indefinite period of time with no major cessation of the total ginseng growing area.

Wild-Simulated Ginseng
Cultivated ginseng uses natural tree canopy as shade. Some maintenance is required and intensive cultivation methods may be used to maximize yields in minimal time. The general process involves removing part of the forest under-story from a certain plot, raking away leaf litter, sowing ginseng seed on the scratched surface, and raking back leaf litter. This method usually does not use pesticides and the product is organic ginseng. Prices could approach those of wild ginseng.

Woods-Grown Ginseng
Woods-grown ginseng is raised under natural tree canopy in forest lands. Some maintenance is required and intensive cultivation methods may be used to maximum yields in minimal time. Investment costs are less than field cultivated Ginseng and applications of pesticides and fertilizers are sometimes less, but the product is not organic. The market price is higher than field-grown ginseng, but not near that of wild ginseng or wild-simulated ginseng.

Field Cultivated Ginseng
Field cultivated ginseng are plants grown under artificial shade but requiring a large investment of time, money and equipment. Labor may run at $30,000+ per acre and gross returns of $100,000+ after four years -- but this figure is subject to fluctuating market prices of this lowest grade of ginseng. These cultivated fields are subject to mold and other plant diseases so commercial chemical pesticide treatment is the ordinary practice. This product is not organic.

These 4 types of ginsengs are divided into 6 different, distinctive perspectives below.

 Wild GinsengWild-SimulatedWoods-GrownField Cultilvated
OriginNatuarrally occurredseeds and rootlets plantedseeds and rootlets plantedseeds and rootlets planted
Habitat

Within natural range, in suitable ginseng habitat

Within natural range, in suitable ginseng habitat

Grown in woods similar to natural habitat

Grown in fields with artificial shade
CultivationNoneplanting of seeds and rootlets only

When planted, build raised beds for drainage

Intensive human cultivation

Fungicide

NoneNoneExtensiveExtensive
Harvest MethodDug by handDug by handDug by machineDug by machine
Price(Grade)HighestHighMediumLow