Grow your own save the forest!
The most ask questions we get is how much is ginseng selling for? And, When
they do get ready to harvest the roots, Who do they take it to to sell it?
Where can they find a dealer? Well, I'm sure the price for good quality,
dry ginseng will be different within 7 or 8 years when you get to a point
to sell your roots but over the last 3 or 4 years it has been going anywhere
from around $250 to $500 per pound... Who do you sell it to? That is
the hard question! 1st I would try to keep it in your own State that you
live in. It is a protected plant but its ok to grow your own but when
you start taking it out of your home State you will have to purchase a license.
If you can't get a fair price for your harvest and you have alot of rootlets
getting licensed will be your best choice to get a higher price... Its not
hard to find a dealer to sell to. Its hard to find one that will give you
a fair price for good quality roots. When you sell it to a dealer. He takes
it to another dealer and that dealer takes it to someone else. It passes
hands maybe 5 times before it gets to be exported to China. Everyone tries
to find someone higher up the ladder so they can bypass the middle man but
this is almost impossible also because they are interested in more than the
small grower can supply. They are interested in Tons! If you sell it for
say-- $300 /lb by the time it gets to exported they will probably be paying
4 or 5 times that for it. That doesn't sound real but it is true and you
think you are making good money at $300 bucks a pound. Beginning this year
alot or growers all around the Appalachian Mt. area are planning to form
coorperations. They will have a grading system so you know what you have
and you will have a good ideal what your ginseng is worth without someone
picking through it and telling you it is low grade. You will probably have
to pay a small percentage fee for your roots to be sold but it will bypass
alot of hands and you will get a very good price. Not to harm the dealers.
Just to get a fair price. Well, I'll write more on this later but so far
I have heard nothing but good news for the smaller growers and
wildcrafters. More later!
How To Grow Ginseng
Info about planting, harvesting, and growing your own herbal garden or Ginseng patch. If it is your 1st time don't start out spending alot of money on a large amount seeds or roots. Start small and plant more and more each year. The most important thing is to START and to plant seeds or roots EVERY year. Each year you will have more and more ginseng roots and seeds and you will become even more interested in it. Also, if you plant every year, when you do begin to harvest, you will have a harvest every year.
GINSENG is a fleshy rooted herb, native to well drained, cool, shaded hardwood forests. Ginseng does not grow in full sunlight, so the natural place to plant it is in hardwood forests, where the trees provide the needed shade. Ginseng is a perennial plant, but unlike other perennials, lies dormant some years and does not grow new tops every year. The root does not die, but lies dormant until the following year. Ginseng is one of the most sought after herbs on the market. The future for growing ginseng looks promising for many years as more and more is being used now in the United States in addition to the Orient. All Health Food stores, Drug stores, and even the small gas stations now sell it in capsules, powdered, etc. The demand keeps going up every year.
Highly prized by Asian cultures as an aphrodisiac and a cure for everything from impotence to lack of concentration. It relieves fatigue, mental and nervous exhaustion. The Chinese have always placed a high value on ginseng and millions have used it for centuries. Western people have remained skeptical of its use because the Chinese people prepare and use this herb in superstitious ways. Carrying a dried root in their pocket for good luck is one of these superstitions. It is said that the use of ginseng will add a decade of years to a human life. The most desired root for this purpose is one in the shape of the human body. These roots have been known to bring their weight in gold. The Chinese put the highest value on ginseng. It's used only by the wealthiest, and will bring several hundred dollars per pound.
One year old plants will have 3 leaflets, looking like a strawberry plant. The 2nd year usually 5 leaflets, and the next years it begins to branch out with two, three, and four prongs with three to five leaflets in each prong. It grows in the wild about 1 foot tall, which blooms in the summer. When it ripens in the fall or late summer with bright red berries, each berry usually having 2 seeds. The seeds may be kept in damp sand for 1 year and used for replanting or sold. In its wild, natural state, it grows in cool, shady, hardwood forest that takes about 6 to 8 years to grow to the point where its roots are large enough to harvest. About 4 or 5 years if it is cultivated using fertilizers and pesticides but wild ginseng gives a much better price.
Growers cannot expect to reap the rich rewards of the harvest overnight. Ginseng is a slow growing plant that takes years to grow. But in a few years you will be well started for a huge profit. It is impossible to get a full picture of growing ginseng in any book. Everyone is different and has different plans. We hope that we can give you some ideals without making too many mistakes. Feel free to ask any question at any time. The most important thing is to START and to plant seeds or roots EVERY year. Each year you will have more and more ginseng roots and seeds and you will become even more interested in it. Also, if you plant every year, when you do begin to harvest, you will have a harvest every year. Its OK to start small to get some experience growing ginseng. Thatí»s the best way and it will not cost you a lot of money. In 4 or 5 years you will start to have your own seeds to plant. Your small hobby or venture will be getting bigger and bigger every year.
How To Grow Ginseng In Hardwood Forest:
Ginseng can be planted in any hardwood forest or backyard that is mostly shade. Plant seeds or roots in the Fall from Sept. 1st through February and it will sprout up in the spring. It can grow in any soil except southern Florida. If you live in the USA or Canada and not sure if you can grow it, you can look at the zone map. For American Ginseng, zones 3 through 7 is fine. Zone 2 and 8 is border line. Ginseng will not grow in a open field like corn or soy beans. It needs about 80% shade and the rotten leaves makes the perfect place.
Seeds can be planted individually throughout the woods, which is nature's way. The closer it grows in its natural environment, the more it has the characteristics of wild ginseng. When planted under lath sheds or other artificial shade, the roots are heavier in weight, are shaped differently, and they grow faster. The Chinese do not value the artificial shade grown roots as highly as the natural grown wild ginseng, but the roots being usually twice as heavy means that you get twice as many pounds and it sells for about 1/4 of the price per pound of the wild or less. The plant is the same in either case, but the difference in value comes in how it is grown.
Another method being used more extensively the last few years is to find a well shaded place in the woods and rake all the leaves to the side and broadcasting the seed lightly, then rake it in a little and cover it with mulch or use the leaves that you raked to the side. This method is much less time consuming than planting in rows. When planting in larger amounts it is best to grub out the brush where you are going to plant.
When planting in rows, plant the rows 8 to 10 inches apart and the seeds about 4 to 6 inches apart in the rows. Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. As soon as planted, seeds should be covered with woods dirt. Seeds must never be left to get dry or they won't grow. After being planted and covered, then cover them with about a 1inch of mulch so the plant can come up through in the spring. That should be all you have to do to keep it growing, the next fall should take care of the mulching its self from the leaves falling if you picked a good natural forest area. Rotted leaves are best for mulch, never use straw or hay. It has too many other seeds in it that will grow like grass, weeds, and clover seeds. Mulch helps prevent heaving by frost and keeps ground from drying out and baking. It is good to leave some mulch on all the time. When planted throughout the forest, this is usually taken care of by nature by the leaves falling in the fall. Growing it commercially is good too, but involves quite a lot of expense, time, etc., but is profitable if one wants to make a business of growing it but remember you will only get a fraction of the price of wild-stimulated ginseng.
If you decide to grow ginseng in your backyard, pots, or in the woods keep it in a mostly shady area. Plant the seeds and cover it with about 1 inches of rotten leaves or mulch. Plant the seeds in the fall and they will sprout up in the spring. If you plant seeds in small plastic trays or peat trays you can transplant them when they become a couple of inches high. When planting in pots, use pots that are at least 8 inches deep and use only plastic not the clay pots. Clay pots seem to dry out more easily than plastic.
DIGGING AND DRYING ROOTS
Dig roots in the fall as the above-ground parts die back. Ginseng roots do not grow straight down. Their usually at about 45 degrees in the ground. Carefully expose the under-ground stem at the base of the above-ground portion, and follow it until it joins the top of the true root. Remember that the taproot may be forked and that it has many diffusely branched rootlets. Expose the whole root and wash as soon as possible but do not scrub. A little soil left around the root rings may enhance its value.
Spread cleaned roots on a piece of old ply wood or screen rack in the shade for drying. Doní»t put them directly in the sun to dry. The sun will discolor the roots to some degree. Turn them frequently and provide adequate aeration. Drying time varies with root size and drying techniques. Large roots require three or more weeks to dry at room temperature or outdoors but small roots dry in a few days. I dry them until they just start to snap when you bend enough to break them. Do not oven dry or put them in the microwave. Drying is to fast and will discolor the roots. Store the dried roots in a dry, airy, rodent-proof place until ready for sale.
How To Straitify Seeds
In the fall when you harvest your seeds. You can leave the pulp on. Dig a hole in a good well drained shady area about 1 foot deep, 3 feet wide, and as long as you want. Line the sides and bottom with brick or large rocks to keep moles and mice out. Their is no need to cement the blocks because you want it to be able to drain. You can even bury a 5 gallon bucket with plenty of drain holes drilled in it if you have a small amount of seeds to stratify. Line the bottom with 1 inch of sand, then a 1 inch layer of seeds, then another layer of sand. Keep adding a layer of sand and a layer of seeds until you get to the top. Make sure the top layer is sand and cover it with a sheet of old plywood.
Remember: We will be glad to help in any way we can. Feel free to call or E-mail us anytime.
Alternative Nature. info about all wild plants growing in your back yard.